Finance and business are intertwined in a very special way such that the line of difference is so thin that one does not realize while crossing it. Although starting a business does not require one to be a financial expert, finance knowledge is very crucial in running the business especially when it grows. Investment decisions need to be carefully made. At some point the business grows into branches, departments, number of employees increases as well as the number of products offered to the market by the business. Finance knowledge at this point is needed to manage all these components of the business to realize profits.
For a business to remain relevant in the market, it has to constantly collect information, analyze it and make informed decisions as per the indications of the information. For instance, before deciding on the price to charge per share, careful analysis of the market is required. Would the prospective shareholders accept it? What would be the value of the company if a certain price is charged?
Achieving a certain market share by a company needs an accurate study of the market patterns, the competitor and devising a good strategy to give the business an upper hand in the market. This forecasting requires a good financial knowledge so that one can determine their financial implications.
Determining the best investment option
As the business grows and expands in size, obviously it needs to diversify to hedge out risks. It needs to invest in various fields so that if investment in one of the fields fails, it would be offset by a success in another. Even with investment, businesses do not just invest. All available options to invest in should be carefully analyzed. Initial investment cost of each option is looked at, running cost as well as the returns on investment of each option. After the analysis, comparison is done and the option with the highest return on investment is picked. All this analysis requires good financial knowledge.
Determining net worth of business
After some period of operation, static pictures of a business need to be taken. This period is known as accounting cycle. The managers, customers and other players in the business need to know the net worthy of the business to help them make certain decisions. For instance, shareholders need to know the net worth of the business to decide whether to continue investing in the business or not. The creditors, who are in most cases suppliers, need to know the net worth of the business to know whether to their debts will be paid in time. All this preparation and presentation of business financial position requires both financial and accounting knowledge.
A part of expansion strategy, businesses acquire or combine with others to enhance their bargain power in the market. There need to be thorough financial analysis of the firms before they can merge so as to determine how they would share the profit especially in the case of merger where a firm does not lose its identity.